Passive form (Пассивная форма)

 Passive Form


To make an active sentence passive, we need to make three changes:

A make the object of the verb the subject of the passive sentence.

В use the same tense of the verb to be and the past participle of the active verb.

The city has attracted visitors from all over the world. (active)

Visitors have been attracted to the city from all over the world. (passive)

С When is it necessary to say who or what did the action, we need to make the subject of the verb the agent of the passive sentence by using by.

Police caught the thief this morning. (active)

The thief was caught by police this morning. (passive) 

Miss Irene
Miss Irene

Passive forms with the gerund and the infinitive

We can use passive forms after verbs which are followed by the gerund :

I remember being shown the main sights of London.

and after verbs which are followed by the infinitive :

People expect to be taken seriously when they talk about their problems.

We can also use passive gerunds after some prepositions:

Jack was fed up with being sent on business trips every weekend.

Causative have and get Form

We form the causative using have or get + object + past participle of the verb.

  1. When did you get your hair cut?

  2. I had it cut yesterday.

  3. Why did you have central heating installed?


We got it installed because the house was freezing cold in winter.


We can use have or get in the causative structure. Get is more informal than have.

We use the causative when we are talking about something we ask, tell or pay somebody else to do for us.

We have had a new carpet laid.

I had the car washed this morning.

In the causative, get and have can sometimes have a negative meaning 'to experience' (usually something unpleasant).


I got /had my house broken into last night. (My house was broken into.)


Sometimes you can use get instead of be in the passive:

  1. There was a fight at the party but nobody got hurt. .(= nobody was hurt)

  2. I don't often get invited to parties. (= I'm not often invited)

  3. I'm surprised Ann didn't get offered the job. (...Ann wasn't offered the job)


You can use get to say that something happens to somebody or something, especially if this is unplanned or unexpected:

Our dog got run over by a car.


You can use get only when things happen or change. For example, you cannot use get in these sentences:

Jill is liked by everybody, (not 'gets liked' - this is not a 'happening')

He was a mystery man. Nothing was known about him. (not 'got known') 

Miss Irene
Miss Irene

We use get mainly in informal spoken English.

You can use be in all situations.


      We also use get in the following expressions (which are not passive in meaning):
get married get divorced *

get dressed (= put on your clothes) get changed (= change your clothes)


1.Complete the sentences using being +one  of these verbs: ask attack give invite keep pay

  1. Mr Miller doesn't like ...being kept... waiting.

  2. They went to the party without..............

  3. Most people like ................presents.

  4. It's a dangerous city. People won't go out after dark because they are afraid of........

  5. I don't like.................... stupid questions.

  6. Few people are prepared to work without.......   

 2.Complete the sentences using get/got + one of these verbs (in the correct form):

ask break damage pay steal sting stop use 

14.Ted a bee while he was sitting in the garden.

15. How did that window....................... ?

16. These tennis courts don't .............very often. Not many people want to play.

17. I used to have a bicycle but it.........................

18.Last night I.......... by the police as I was driving home.

19.How much did you .............................last month?

20.Please pack these things very carefully. I don't want them to.........................

21.People often want to know what my job is. I often................... that question.









Exercise 1:

9-being invited, 10-being given, 11-being attacked, 12-being asked, 13-being paid

Exercise 2:

14-got stung, 15-get broken, 16-get used, 17-got stolen, 18-got stopped,

19-get paid, 20-get damaged,21-get asked

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